Hormonal acne is caused by the shifting of hormone levels in the body. This can happen when people have changes in hormones like testosterone. This causes an increase in sebum production, which can also change how skin cells work. These changes can lead to bacteria and inflammation that cause pimples on the face and upper body.
Hormonal acne is more common in women than in men. It can happen during puberty or when a woman is over 50. Hormonal acne also often occurs with other medical conditions like thyroid disease.
Hormonal Acne Evolution
Hormonal acne is caused when the body has an increase in testosterone. This causes more sebum, which clogs the skin pores. When dirt and other impurities get into these pores, it causes acne. The immune system responds to this by causing swelling and inflammation around the area with acne. A study published in Pakistan’s Journal of Medical Sciences examined testosterone levels in people with acne and found that they were higher.
Some women get acne when they are in menopause. This is because their body does not have enough estrogen, and there is also more testosterone. This can make the sebaceous gland produce more oil, which can cause acne.
Why Does Hormonal Acne Develop?
In addition to the changes in our hormones during certain times, like puberty, menstruation and menopause, several other things cause hormonal acne. Polycystic ovarian cancer is a condition that causes more testosterone in our bodies. This makes skin cells grow quickly and leads to acne. One way to tell if you have this condition is by looking for signs of hormonal acne.
Sometimes, what causes acne is when the immune system gets weaker. This can happen because of lifestyle choices and environmental factors. Sometimes it leads to swelling in the body. In some cases, this means that high levels of inflammation may occur. A doctor wrote an article about the role of inflammation in acne-related diseases and how they have been connected to acne.
Pollution and other things like ozone and sulphur dioxide can increase the number of free radicals on your skin. The result is inflammation, which triggers the hormonal process that leads to acne.
Stress doesn’t always feel good. When people get stressed, their body releases hormones like cortisol that cause swelling on their face. This can lead to increased production of sebum in the skin and acne formation. A study published in Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology found a strong link between stress and the severity of acne among female medical students.
Many different things can cause acne. But one of them is what you take into your body. Some nutrients can make your skin dry, and another one makes cells reproduce too much.
The omega 3- and omega-6 essential fatty acids are important for eliminating inflammation. If you have acne, you need to get more of those types of fats. There is evidence that people with acne have lower levels of the omega-6 fatty acid called linoleic acid on the surface of their skin lipids.
The development of hormonal acne is also associated with eating sugars and refined carbohydrates. This is because they raise blood glucose levels, leading to an increase in insulin and androgen hormones, which are what cause hormonal acne.
Do not eat too many foods with sugar. Eat lots of vegetables, beans, and oats. Researchers have found that this might make acne better.
Hormonal Acne Symptoms
Hormonal acne is a type of acne that can happen when some hormones change. Symptoms include:
Inflammation: In general, acne is a condition that causes inflammation. It happens when there are too many hormones in your body because of puberty or other reasons. Inflammation causes acne to be red and swollen, and blackheads also happen due to dirt around the pores. Sometimes bacteria can cause inflammation too.
Acne Location: It depends on what type of acne you have. Hormonal acne is different from other types. It tends to happen on the chin, jawline, chest, neck and upper back. But it can also happen in other places like shoulders and face. Acne happens mostly in the T-zone – forehead, nose and chin.
Depression: Having acne often increases depression. This is because some people with acne have low self-esteem and may experience mental health problems. According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, many people with acne feel anxious and depressed.
Whiteheads and Blackheads: Both whiteheads and blackheads are pimples. They became inflamed because of the excessive amount of sebum and bacteria in them. Blackheads have large pores, which fill up with sebum that turns black due to a chemical reaction in their pores. With whiteheads, they had too much bacteria inside them. It prevented air from entering the follicle and prevented the chemical reaction, so it stays white.
Cysts: When cysts form under your skin, you have cystic acne. Cystic acne is the most severe type. It happens when pores become blocked and then infected, causing a large amount of inflammation. Cysts mostly appear on your trunk or upper arms but are common on your face too. Hormonal reasons can make it happen to adolescents during puberty, but adults can get it too.
Nodules: Nodules are a type of pimple. They can be larger than a regular pimple and deeper too. They may appear red or inflamed, and they often occur on the face or back, but they can also appear in other places in the body. Nodules can last for a long time, like weeks or months, even when other pimples go away fast, like after 2 days.
Pustules: Pustules are bumps on your body. They are filled with pus, and they can make your skin red. They usually appear white, but they can be red around them. Pustules are not like pimples because pustules often grow bigger and more serious than pimples. Pustules may hurt if you touch them, but that does not mean that you should stop touching them!
Treatment For Hormonal Acne
You are reading this to find out how to get rid of acne. There are many ways you can do this.
Retinoids: Using a topical retinoid as part of your nighttime skincare routine is an effective hormonal acne treatment. Retinoids are anti-inflammatories and antioxidants, which reduces swelling and repairs skin from environmental stressors. They also increase collagen and elastin production in the skin, which helps to fix damaged skin, make it firmer, and smooth out marks and abrasions.
Anti-Androgen Drugs: Some acne is caused by an increase in hormones like testosterone. Anti-androgen drugs, which decrease the levels of these hormones, are a good treatment for acne caused by hormone changes. Topical spironolactone has anti-androgen effects and can be used to treat acne that was caused by hormone changes.
Birth Control Pills: You may wonder how to get rid of acne. There is a way – take birth control pills. These pills have estrogen and progestin, which change the hormones that cause acne.
Salicylic Acid or Benzoyl Peroxide: These two substances, salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, are so effective that they help get rid of acne. Salicylic acid helps remove blackheads and whiteheads. Benzoyl peroxide is one of the best ways to get rid of inflamed acne.
Antibiotics/Anti-inflammatory Drugs: Some antibiotics also work as anti-inflammatory drugs. They can effectively kill the bacteria in your skin that causes acne and reduces swelling. It would help if you used these together with a retinoid or benzoyl peroxide on your skin.